|Institutions||New Forms of Trafficking||Community Based Assistance|
The issue of trafficking in human beings has come to the attention of policy makers in Bulgaria in the last decade. Since then, Bulgarian governments have supported the development of a specialised body of legislation and the establishment of comprehensive policy schemes to deal with the challenges of protection, assistance and reintegration of victims of trafficking, including children. In terms of its substantive criminal and child protection law, Bulgaria largely complies with the standards of the CoE Convention and the Palermo Protocol.
The Republic of Bulgaria continues to be to a large extent a country of origin and to a lesser extent a country of transit or destination for human trafficking. In Bulgaria, women and children are most often induced into prostitution in the towns on the Black Sea coast and in the border regions.
Countries of destination for Bulgarian trafficking victims are the Netherlands, Belgium, France, Austria, Italy, Germany, the Czech Republic, Finland, Greece, Spain, Poland, Switzerland, Turkey, Cyprus and Macedonia.