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At present, Italy is a country of destination and of transit for women, men and children, subject to the phenomenon of trafficking in human beings. This dual role established itself in the ’70s and has consolidated since the ’90s, parallel with the growth of migration flows.

From a socio-criminal standpoint, the phenomenon is deeply protean-like: both in terms of a diverse ethnic-based criminal network, more or less colluding with Italian Mafia groups, and for the purposes of exploitation (prostitution on the streets and indoor, forced labour, begging, illegal economy, illegal adoption and organ harvesting).

The victims come from Africa, Eastern Europe, the former Soviet bloc, Asia, the Indian subcontinent and Latin America.