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National Referral Mechanism (NRM)

The NR Office will develop guidelines on how to use the criteria for the identification of victims, how to address issues such as compensation and safe return and also define the roles and responsibilities of all those involved through the creation of a National Referral Mechanism (NRM).

            The NRM has been agreed as a first priority both in the Projects funded by EU structural funds (ESPA) and by the Internal Security Fund (ISF) 2014-20. The NR Office has agreed with EKKA that the Organisation will assume a leading role as the principal state agency that will compile information and coordinate all stakeholders and partners of the NRM. EKKA has already been running an innovative programme of managing the housing applications for asylum seekers of the whole country. In this way a much better coordination of all housing projects that are financed by the European Refugee Fund and considerable economy of resources are succeeded. Moreover, the ability of the mechanism to respond to offering shelter in particular to the vulnerable population of unaccompanied minors has considerably increased.
             EKKA is extending a similar mechanism for victims of trafficking. Their protection and support offered by State or Non-governmental Organizations will be adjusted to the existing web platform – called “ESTIA”. Hence, the National Referral System will cover victims’ needs and provide a road map and a real-time response to each incidence that is reported.

            In line with a victim-centered approach, the NR Office will opt to participate in a larger EU Transnational Referral Mechanism which links national referral mechanisms to better identify, refer, protect and assist victims.


National Action Plan to Combat Trafficking in Human Beings, 2006